Lit Review Topic

Topic: How does children’s programming affect their school readiness?

Boudrea states research from Grant and Brown (1986) that “found that in comparing early readers and nonreading kindergartners, early readers were significantly more likely than nonreaders to have caregivers who read magazines and newspapers, watched more television, and provided more help in areas related to learning to read” (Boudreau, 2005, p. 35).

Using open-ended questions, the results from the questionnaire showed higher statistics for typically developed children over learning impaired children over the assessment of early literacy skills (Boudreau, 2005).

Based on the results of the study children with a learning impairment watched significantly more television and videos per week than typically developed children, however the trips to the library were nearly identical, with only a .10 deviation. The results also showed that learning impaired children began reading on average eight months after typically developed children did.


Boudreau, D. (2005). Use of a parent questionnaire in emergent and early literacy assessment of preschool children.Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools, 36(1), 33-47.      Retrieved from


To Grow up in a Cyber World

This documentary left me torn. I remember growing up online. My uncle worked with computers and we had our first computer in our home by the early 90s. We just played games with the old floppy discs until AOL came about. Then the whole world changed. All of a sudden we could talk to anyone. I think growing up with computers the way I did I never really lost control of reality. It was something that had almost always been there. I think I was roughly 6 or 7 when my uncle put a computer in the room I shared with my two cousins. By the time I was 10 I knew my way around the internet and thanks to shows like So Weird and Alex Mack, a computer was a way to meet people and find out information.

That of course is my personal experience with computers and as such has left me concerned about the children depicted in the documentary. I believe the mother of four was over-bearing, but I also think it was very smart of her to put the computer somewhere very public like that. I do not think she had anything to worry about with her kids, they seemed pretty mature.

Autumn Edows I think just wanted people to like her and having her modeling page on myspace gave her that sense of self that she was so desperately seeking, however, I think she was much too young to be sharing those particular images.

As for Ryan, Ryan made me so very sad. He was so young. Watching that part of the documentary made me realize how important it is stand up against bullying of any kind.

And finally there was Sarah and thinspiration.

Both Ryan had fallen victim to websites that glamorized the wrong messages. Ryan searching for ways to commit suicide and Sarah trying to find a sense of camaraderie in other anorexics.

The cyber world is a vast open space. Will it ever be regulated? That is hard to answer because of the nature of the internet. Nevertheless, one thing is for certain, bullying must end. Ryan’s death could have been prevented had more people known about the abuse he was enduring and how it was affecting him.

I think most people who grew up online, like I did, being online is very natural and instinctual to them. They do not get bogged down by things people say and do, let themselves be harassed, or even use the internet for purposes other than education and entertainment. However, there are the few that slip through the cracks and those are the folks we need to keep an eye out for. I am reminded of something I heard years ago about the effects a smile can have on someone. A smile can change someone’s entire day.

Or maybe I am too optimistic for my own good.



Face-ism is based on “the tendency to represent people in terms of their face or head as opposed to their body.” Until this class I did not even notice this phenomenon. It upsets me that as society we have become so used to things like face-ism that we are unaware they even exist. Take for example these two works of art… John William Waterhouse completed Ophelia in 1894, while Escher completed a self portrait in 1929. I chose these works based on my preference for these artists. Even so, just looking at these images we can see how face-ism works. Ophelia is a fragile woman, seated by lily pads, seductive and innocent. Escher is portrays himself serious and contemplative of his surroundings.

Why are women more often shown depicted using a medium and long shots and men are depicted using close-ups?

This is the kind of question face-ism asks. And the answer is because it how it has been done for centuries.   Speaking in terms of a feminist, face-ism is a form of sexism. Women are depicted in magazines, photographs and art the way they are because of the cultural norm. Men are perceived through the images as intelligent, driven, successful, whereas women the concern is with her beauty and less on her brains.

These are the sorts of things that need to be changed. Society is coming into an era where issues such as face-ism need to be a thing of the past. There needs to be equality for everyone. It all starts with one person.